What causes oxidative stress?
As you breath in and out, your body reacts with oxygen which is used by the body cells to produce energy. As a result of this activity free radicals(reactive molecules) are produced within the body cells causing oxidative stress. If the body’s anti-oxidant(which is protein controlled) response does not manage to keep up with the oxidative stress then oxidative damage occurs. Therefore, oxidative stress can be explained to be caused by the imbalance between reactive oxygen species and inadequate antioxidant defense method.
What oxidative stress does to your body?
In humans, oxidative stress has been associated with many disorders/diseases. These are such as Parkinson’s disease, heart failure, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, Alzheimer’s disease, fragile X syndrome, diabetes,cancer and chronic fatigue just to name a few. On the positive side however, short term oxidative stress has been used in prevention of aging through induction of a procedure called mitohormesis. Below is a number of detailed examples of disorders associated with oxidative stress in which evidence of oxidative damage has been found.
Cancer – Damage in the form of DNA mutation by oxidative stress can cause cancer. Oxidative stress plays a very big role in carcinogenesis through a process of cell mutation and proliferation. The role of oxidative stress in cancer is indicated by high levels of oxidative lesions in cancer tissue and reduced cancer cases in populations that engage in high dietary antioxidant intakes.
Diabetes - The onset of diabetes in closely associated with oxidative stress. This is for both types of diabetes as diabetics display high levels of reactive oxygen species like free radicals which bring about oxidative protein damage. Oxidative stress byproducts highly contribute to formation of excess free radicals which weaken the defense mechanism and increased cell damage and insulin resistance which is the main cause of diabetes while also accelerating complications associated with diabetes. The accelerated diabetes complications are such as kidney and liver problems. The dialysis procedure usually subjected to many diabetics with a kidney related complication contributes in oxidative stress as plasma proteins are damaged in the process.
Asthma- Researches on this issue are still underway investigating the role of oxidative stress in asthma. Results so far show that oxidative stress in this case plays a role in inflammation of airways. Asthmatics display a type of protein cell called eosinophil cationic protein(ECP) which originates in plasma or inflamed tissue. This protein alters the structure and function of brochoalveolar lavage fluid which is responsible for flushing the lungs. This is the explanation behind the obstruction of airways in asthmatic patients.
Diagonalizing disorders caused by oxidative stress is done using a number of devices. These are such as HRV(heart rate variability), Oxymetry, oxygen consumption, Thermography and metabolic resting rate.
Treatment for Oxidative stress can be done at home or through use of medicine. The natural treatment methods are very effective and are the safest methods for prevention and treatment of oxidative stress.
Home remedy for Oxidative stress
Exercise. A daily exercise routine can play a very big role in prevention as well as treatment of oxidative stress. While working out, you increase your body’s need for oxygen leading to increased production of free radicals. At the same time, working out will increase your body’s defense mechanism which leads in the decreasing of oxidative damage. For people with health conditions that do not allow them to engage in much physical activities, it is important to see a physician so as to be assisted with a helpful and workable workout plan.
Using diets rich in anti-oxidants. What we eat contributes so much into who we are or who we become. Many health issues can easily be manipulated through diets and so is oxidative stress. By boosting your daily intake of foods rich in antioxidants, you can treat or prevent oxidative damage caused by oxidative stress. These are diets rich in beta-carotene and vitamins E, C and A. Natural foods(fruits and vegetables) that are sources of these vitamins are such as apples, broccoli, carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, cauliflower, citrus fruits, peaches and berries. Green tea is also one of the most popular source of antioxidants, cocoa, turmeric and drinking red wine is also good to combat free radicals.
Reducing exposure to free radicals. Limiting exposure to free radicals is used to prevent oxidative stress. Avoid environments with too many free radicals. These are such as areas with a lot of air pollution and excessive direct sunlight. You can also reduce the free radicals you let into your body through stopping some harmful habits like smoking and through using sunscreen when exposed to the sun for long.